There are many recent and ongoing efforts to improve the measurement of deprivation. First, there is increasing demand for evidence of the effectiveness of aid and development policy. Second, there is a substantial body of growing research on how to improve the measurement of core deprivations. Third, there are a number of institutional efforts to build statistical capacity, particularly for developing countries. Fourth, the Millennium Development Goals, and any post-2015 development agreement, have substantially raised the global interest in the measurement. Fifth, many national governments are currently reconsidering their own methods of measuring poverty, many of which are inadequate and outdated.
On this page we link to some of these initiatives. (Think we missed something important? Feel free to contact us).
The World Bank maintains a comprehensive database of development indicators, and a useful website PovCalNet , where users can calculate their own monetary measurements of poverty and inequality using existing datasets. The Bank also provides information on the International Comparison Program, and the effort underway to develop poverty purchasing power parity (PPPP) conversions.
The European Commission, European Parliament, The Club of Rome, WWF, and the OECD maintain Beyond GDP, and broad based initiative to improve the measurement of social, economic, and environmental progress.
The OECD maintains a related project, Measuring Progress of Societies, and the useful Wikiprogress. The OECD also maintains the Gender, Institutions and Development Database, which is the basis for the Social Institutions and Gender Index.
The Oxford Human Development and Poverty Initiative is the world’s leader in developing innovative ways to measure multi-dimensional poverty. Anyone interested in the subject of poverty measurement should become familiar with their work, including the Alkire-Foster Measure, the Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index, and the Missing Dimensions of Development.
The Chronic Poverty Research Centre has done very valuable work clarifying the conceptual foundation of chronic poverty, exploring methods of measuring chronic poverty, and developing strategies for addressing chronic poverty.
The full report of the Stiglitz-Sen commission, and corresponding background papers, are available here.
Social Watch, an NGO focused on poverty eradication and gender justice, maintains both a Basic Capabilities Index and a Gender Equality Index.
Some information on the African Gender and Development Index is available here.
The Mexican government recently created a national council devoted to multi-dimensional poverty measurement and the evaluation of social policy. Mexico has one of the most innovative national systems of poverty measurement in the world.
India has recently revised its national poverty line.
Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity hosts a useful site detailing recent revisions to the United States national poverty line.
The Partnership for Statistics in Development in the 21st Century provides valuable information in efforts to improve statistical capacity and the use of statistics for development purposes. See also the Marrakech Action Plan for Statistics.